On September 24, 2014, Jared Whitlock of the Encintas Advocate wrote about how the city of Encinitas in San Diego County, is looking to legalize any granny flats that were built or converted before the city’s incorporation in 1986.
Granny flats — so named by Australian builders constructing smaller backyard dwellings for homeowners’ elderly relatives — are considered a source of affordable housing. So, if a large number were to be legalized, the city would have to plan for fewer units.
The units have to meet building and fire codes, and include a kitchen sink and bathroom, to be eligible for the amnesty program. And the owner must agree for the unit to be “set aside in perpetuity for low-income residents.”
“It is recognized that many illegal units which were constructed prior to the incorporation of the city provide affordable housing that may not otherwise be available,” the city’s policy states.
This tiny house, located in a small town in Ohio, is 16 x 20′ and 300 square feet, and sits on a permanent foundation.
After two years living in their tiny house, the owners recently tore down an old garage on the front of their lot, and are starting to build a three bedroom traditional-sized house in it’s place.
The owner talks about zoning starting at the 6:40 minute mark in this video by Kirsten Dirksen. The city was in the process of changing their code–going from a 500 sq. ft., to a higher minimum–and this house started a conversation about minimum size limits, and accessory units.
In February of 2013, the Yellow Springs Village Planning Commission agreed to a new size minimum of 900 square feet for Residence A and B, and no minimum size for Residence C. (See the zoning plan map at yso.com or ysnews.com for the locations of the residential districts.)
The planners’ challenge is to create a zoning code that balances two different local needs, according to Chair Matt Reed: the need to protect property values of existing neighborhoods and to promote more flexible and creative housing to increase infill in the village.
The owner spoke at the meeting about his tiny house, saying he and his wife are quite comfortable in their small space.
“I don’t think my neighbors mind their extra yard space,” he said. “I don’t think it’s valid that small houses lower property values.” – Alex Melamed
In July of 2014, Spur Texas declared itself the first tiny house friendly town, and invited the tiny house community to settle in Spur. The motivation was a declining population in Spur, and a desire to reverse that trend and bring in “do’ers from all walks of life who value self-sufficient sustainability and practical progress” via appealing to tiny house owners.
Spur is a classic West Texas town which has undergone a dramatic population drain to the big cities over the last few decades. Once a town of several thousand, Spur has all the infrastructure you would expect of a city, with paved roads, city electric/water/sewage, and even fiber optic internet. But with only about 1,000 people, the city has hundreds of vacant lots and abandoned buildings and several vacant commercial buildings.
Prices for acreage average around $1,500 per acre. Lots in town, owned by the County, average around $500 each. Each lot is about 1/6th of an acre with the dimension ranging from 60′ x 120′ to 50′ x 160′.
And the regulations? They’re pretty loose in Spur Texas!
If you have or want a THOW, you can order it, build it, and park it in Spur, with access to utilities – if you want them – without having to hide from building inspectors. If pursuing this route, we do require a THOW to be secured to a foundation while in city limits. This is a safety concern as there are occasionally high winds which could otherwise knock your house over, or worse, into someone else’s home and property. If you buy land just outside of city limits, you’re welcome to do as you please.
“a form of housing that is gaining popularity on the west coast of Canada, especially in the Metro Vancouver area. These homes are typically built into pre-existing lots, usually in the backyard and opening onto the back lane.”
Laneway houses were introduced to increase density in existing neighborhoods, and average about 550 square feet. Regulations typically require they be built behind an existing house, on the back-half of the lot. The hope is to retain the feel of a single-family neighborhood, while not compromising the privacy of the nearby neighbors, and to add much needed housing to the area.
One of the best laneway houses on the web was built by Smallworks in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, and is 1.5 stories, and 500 square feet. Known as the West Coast Modern, it’s a beautiful tiny house, perfectly sized for a couple, and has a fairly large balcony next to the bed. The house also includes a one-car garage on the bottom half.
Just 252 square feet, this tiny house in Royalston, Massachusetts is fully permitted and legal, and was built using modified Tumbleweed “Bodega” plans. It’s on a permanent foundation and was completed in October 2013.
According to owner/builder Chris Haynes, the code in his area requires one room that is at least 150 square feet, and while the living room area was listed as only 120 square feet in the plans, when combined with the kitchen, Chris was able to achieve the 150 square feet minimum. He also had to add a back door to the plan, and he discusses the allowed width of that door. Chris praises the building inspectors in Royalston.
Derek “Deek” Diedricksen, of HGTV/DIY interviews owner/builder Chris Haynes, and the conversation on meeting the code starts at the 1:10 minute mark in the video.